Monday, May 25, 2020
Drugs and Alchohol The first meeting I attended was an AA and a NA meeting. At first, I was very nervous attending it because I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know what to expect. I always had the impression that all people who attended these meetings were typical people that you see in bars with long hair, and beards; but I was wrong. They look normal just like you and me. There were young people, and middle-aged people. Some of them I never would have expected that they were alcoholics or drug addicts. Both meetings seemed to be very similar to me. They both introduced themselves the same way, for example hi my name is Gino and IÃ¢â¬â¢m an alcoholic, or IÃ¢â¬â¢m addicted to cocaine. They both sat in a group and discussed their addiction, their progress, and anyÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In both cases, drugs or alcohol was due to serious family problems, and they do it to get their minds off of the problem. It is their way of getting away. Since both meetings are so similar, there are things that I like and dislike about both. I like the fact that it is a group effort to help one another because everyone there has the same problem, and there are different ideas shared on how to overcome the addiction. It seems to me that everyone is fine when they are together at the meeting, because by talking it takes their minds off of the drugs or the alcohol. So the question that I am asking is when these people go back out into the world, and the group is not there, and a problem occurs are they going to resort back to the substance. Another thing that I really didnÃ¢â¬â¢t like was the way they introduced themselves. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t agree with putting a title after your name, like IÃ¢â¬â¢m an alcoholic. To me, that makes a person feel lowly about him or herself, and they will go through life always feeling that they are an alcoholic or a drug addict. I feel that that needs to be changed very badly. I think it should be Hi , my name is Gino, and I am here because I have a drinking or a drug problem and I need help to overcome it. So if that person overcomes it, they will say I accomplished something. I honestly believe that these meetings work to a certain extent. I believe very strongly that a person can overcome an alcohol or a drug problem. The meetingsShow MoreRelatedDrugs And Alcohol And Drugs1767 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesSome people know what alcohol and drugs do to our body and we understand, but the problem is Ã¢â¬Å"How come people do these kind of stuff in the first place?Ã¢â¬ or what makes them choose these choices. Well the thing is, People suffer from anxiety, bipolar disorder, depression or other mental illnesses use drugs and alcohol to ease their sufferings. But the thing that we don t get is why do such a bad thing if you know that it s destroying your organs and your insides. Drugs or alcohol can sometimes makeRead MoreDrugs and Alcohol1682 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMethod 3 References 4 Background Drugs and alcohol is a major social issue (J. David Hawkins, Richard F. Catalano, and Janet Y. Miller, 1992). It is not something that can be solved by the law (Lee P. Brown, 2008). Throughout history, many attempts have been made to try and legalize and control alcohol and drug addiction but has failed. It requires education, international awareness and a lot of work to resolve. Whilst alcohol and certain drugs are not illegal, the potential dangers areRead MoreDrug Alcohol And Alcohol Abuse Essay980 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDrug and Alcohol Abuse Drug and alcohol abuse is something that is happening more and more often it seems. There are many reason for this happening. First of all, people experiment with drugs and alcohol mainly out of curiosity. Maybe their friends are doing it, they just want to have a good time, or they could be hoping to improve athletic performance. 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Unlike other illegal drugs with strict rules, alcohol seems to be a more universal and socially acceptable drink. In fact, it is the most widely used drug substance in the world. However, with the gradually increasing amount of problems associated with alcohol, people should weigh and examine the medicinalRead MoreDrug Alcohol And Drug Abuse1773 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesnet - guide - Avoiding Alcohol And Drug Abuse In College College is a time of great personal growth and education, but it is also a time to have a lot of fun. Unfortunately, people often take this fun too far by delving into excessive drug and alcohol abuse. This impacts millions of college students every year in multiple ways, including creating a lifelong addiction, causing educational problems, and even personal injury. However, it is possible to avoid alcohol and drug abuse in college. It takesRead MoreDrug Use Of Drugs And Alcohol2261 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagescurrent ongoing problem in the United States is the continuous use of drugs and alcohol. There isnÃ¢â¬â¢t a day that goes by where we donÃ¢â¬â¢t see in the paper or on the internet that someone overdosed on drugs and passed away. Currently the United States is narrowing in on the legalization of one drug in particular, which is marijuana. Just over 130 years ago there were no laws against drug use, until the 20th century when the fight against drug use began. Harry Anslinger is man who began the probation of marijuanaRead MoreAlcohol and Drug Abuse1722 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAlcohol and Drug Addiction Samara Kitchens COM/156 Instructor: Sunday, May 19, 2013 There was a missing person report across the news today, my co-worker stated. I never paid any attention to it; I went on about my day as if everything was fine. When I arrived at home I had severalRead More Drugs and Alcohol Essay1599 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDrugs are heavily used throughout the entire world. However, it is important to understand and not undermine the variability in which drugs are used. It is clear some are for distinct medical treatment and others are for recreational use. In the United States, marijuana has been and continues to be a very controversial drug. Some states have allowed marijuana consumption for medicinal purposes, while others have completely outlawed the drug. Those who are against the legalization and regulationRead MoreAddiction : Drugs And Alcohol1001 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesassociated with drugs and alcohol. Addiction is not only related to drugs or alcohol, but it is also tied with things and activities. Addiction to drugs or alcohol are quite similar yet slightly different to addictions to activities and other things. Addiction to drugs and alcohol over time leads to a buildup of tolerance causing the user to need more of what they are addicted to in order to experience the same or more of an effect than they once needed to attain the same effect. They take drugs to avoid
Friday, May 15, 2020
Legally, competence was first defined in court by the landmark case Dusky v. United States. , 362 U. S. 402 (1960). This landmark case established the minimal constitutional requirements for adjudicative competence. In order for a criminal case to be carried out, a defendant should have sufficient ability to consult with his lawyer with a sound degree of rational understanding and be able to comprehend the proceedings of the court (McGarry, 1973). The Dusky Standard was operationalized in 1961 when it was used in Wieter v. Settle case. In this case, several fictional elements of competency to stand trial were developed and they include (Otto, 2006): i. The defendant has the mental capacity to understand where he is in relation to place, time and things ii. The defendantÃ¢â¬â¢s elemental mental processes are such that he grasps that he is charged with a criminal offence in a Court of Law. iii. The defendant should be able to realize and understand that there is a judge on the bench iv. He should also realize that there is a prosecutor whose job is to convict him of the charge v. He should realize that he has a lawyer (either court appointed or self-employed) whose main purpose is to defend him against the charges vi. We will write a custom essay sample on Competency to stand trial or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now The defendant should understand that he is expected to explain to his lawyer, to the best of his mental capacity, the details surrounding him at the time and place in which the crime was being committed. vii. The defendant should also understand that his case will be decided by a jury based on the evidence presented as to his innocence or guilt. Competence to waive rights and Competence to plead guilty Whitebread and Slobogin (2000) contend that over 90% of all cases in the United States are resolved by a plea of guilty which by itself contains a waiver of several vital rights that includes rights of being tried by a jury, the right to confront the accusers, and the right to avoid self-incrimination. However, the competency to stand trial and the competency to plead guilty are not one and the same. The U. S. court of Appeals, in Sieling v. Eyman (1973) adopted a standard that differentiate these two types of competencies and held that: a defendant lacks the competency to plead guilty if his mental faculties are significantly compromised in such a way that he cannot make a reasoned choice of alternatives afforded to him and he lacks the basic understanding of what he is pleading to. According to Ryba and Zapf (2011), a defendantÃ¢â¬â¢s competence to waive rights to counsel was determined in Godinez v.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Manjula PadmanabhanÃ¢â¬â¢s Harvest: a Study The author Manjula Padmanabhan (b. 1953) is best known as a journalist, illustrator, cartoonist, and author of childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s books and short stories. She became a celebrity when her fifth play, Harvest (written in 1996; published in 1997), won the first prize in the first Onassis International Cultural Competitions for Theatrical Plays in 1997. The characters In the play the themes of economic exploitation, reification (=commodification) and acculturation are presented through the mercantile as well as surgical metaphor of body-parts transplantation. The Donors and the Receivers in the play represent the natives of the Third World and the First World respectively. Om, his wife Jaya, and OmÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The chief attraction for Virgil is of Jaya because she is the only person in that house capable of procreation and genuine emotion. There is a passing reference to a seerÃ¢â¬â¢s prediction that she would never become a mother. As prophecies are often equivocal, the curse on Jaya may be in fact indicative of her husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s impotence. The illicit relationship with her brother-in-law must be seen as the manifestation of her irrepressible yearning to become a mother. Though her mother-in-law always finds fault with her sexual transgressions, she is the only character in the play who is true to herself. She desperately protests against the encroachment of colonial coercion and urban mechanization that enter in the form of the Guards and Agents. Her thirst for motherhood remains unquenched by the sham finger-play of her pitying brother-in-law. She is the only person who stands her ground in spite of the devious argumentations and warnings of Virgil. And she alone is fully conscious of the present condition: Ã¢â¬Å"It is not really a life any more. WeÃ¢â¬â¢re just spare parts in someone elseÃ¢â¬â¢s garage Ã¢â¬âÃ¢â¬ (34T). Ma Indumati Prakash, the mother of Om and Jeetu, represents the older generation, preoccupied with the petty concerns of their narrow world. Her self-centeredness matches that of Virgil, both being old and preying upon the young for the purpose of seeking pleasure at the personal level. Though Ma is vociferous
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about theLeadership a Critical Perspective. Answer: Introduction: The importance of a leader in an organization cannot be understated, yet there is no gain saying that each leader possesses a set of important qualities that is critical to the success of an organization. It is important to take note of some of the most important qualities that define a leader, and distinguishes him from any ordinary person. The first and foremost important feature of a leader is effective communication skills. As far as the quality of communication skills is concerned, it should be remembered that a leader is required to possess interpersonal as well as intrapersonal communication skills. The leader needs to state his views, explain the importance of his ideas, and yet listen to the opinions of his subordinates, in order to take a successful decision (Bhatia et al., 2013). Having a directive, assertive style, and a polite gesture are two important qualities for a leader. It should be remembered that a leader is the one who formulates the effective strategy, the implementation of which determines the success of an organization. However, what is the meaning of a strategy if its benefits and immediate importance to an organization cannot be explained to the employees? Hence, effective communication skills are important qualities for a leader to possess, as these skills help him deliver his message and idea s (Riggio Tan, 2013). Again, in order to motivate the employees to perform a task, or to explain to him where the problem lies, he must be a powerful communicator. Besides, interacting with the colleagues and subordinates, a leader must engage in intrapersonal communication as well, whereby through introspection and self-reflection, he will be able to take relevant decisions (Arnold Bloggs, 2015). The importance of motivation cannot be overemphasized as far as the success of an organization is concerned. It should be remembered that it is the duty of a leader to be able to continually encourage and motivate his subordinates, so that even the less capable ones can also gain the inner strength necessary to combat the challenges of the professional world. Even when a team is losing, if the leader is capable of keeping his composure, he can bring an enormous amount of energy and positive vibes among the team members, and boost the morale of his followers, thereby leading to the success of a project (Peng, 2014). It is important to understand that each leader plays the role of a role model before his subordinates, and since he will be setting an example to be followed by others, he must be a man of values and integrity. A fraudulent leader, who intends to climb the staircase of success by cheating, will never be able to command the respect of the subordinates. A leader is not someone who believes in ethical lapses, or shortcuts. He should be an exemplary figure, highlighting the importance of hard work, strong willpower and a great focus, through his acts. A leader must always be the one who is rectifying the mistakes of others, and hence he must be demonstrating the ideals of honesty and integrity through his action. When a leader behaves honestly, and his single act reflects transparency, his subordinates will also be motivated, and derive great pride from being part of a team that relies on ethical principles. In addition, the integrity of the leader helps the subordinates achieve a sense of clarity about their role and mission in the organization (HinkinSchriesheim, 2015). While imagining a leader, none expects a man who will be dilly-dallying while taking a decision. Determination and clarity of thought are the two important words that define a leader. Hence, decision-making capacity is an important quality that characterizes a leader. It should be remembered that a leader is the one who will guide and lead the followers, and hence he must be able to decide the right thing at the right time. A leader should not be the one who easily loses confidence, when encountered with complex challenges. He must be the self-assertive, witty and confident thinker, who is capable of thinking discreetly, and taking up the quick decision at the right moment. Being analytical is an important aspect of the decision-making aspect of the leader. He must not be confounded by a complex situation, but should be capable of breaking down a difficult situation step by step, get an overview of the situation, and think critically, before formulating and implementing an idea. Ther e is a variety of decisions that a leader is required to take in an organization, yet he must keep his cool, retain his composure, and conduct sufficient research, before taking a final decision (Pettigrew, 2014). Reference List: Arnold, E. C., Boggs, K. U. (2015).Interpersonal relationships: Professional communication skills for nurses. Elsevier Health Sciences. Bhatia, S., Carmeli, A., Schaubroeck, J., Paz, E. (2013, January).Role of Team Leader Coaching in Buffering Contentious Communication from Influencing Team Outcomes.InAcademy of Management Proceedings(Vol. 2013, No. 1, p. 14793).Academy of Management. Hinkin, T. R., Schriesheim, C. A. (2015). Leader reinforcement, behavioral integrity, and subordinate outcomes: A social exchange approach.The Leadership Quarterly,26(6), 991-1004. Peng, T. (2014). Motivation to lead: linking leader regulatory focus, leadership behaviors, and motivational and cultural moderators.Academy of Management Journal,50, 715-729. Pettigrew, A. M. (2014).The politics of organizational decision-making.Routledge. Riggio, R. E., Tan, S. J. (2013).Leader interpersonal and influence skills: The soft skills of leadership. Routledge.
Sunday, April 12, 2020
Introduction Bare midriffs, spaghetti strap tops, skinny jeans and short shorts all once belonged in the realm of teen/young adult clothing yet as of late there has been a growing trend wherein such clothing choices have now become common place among children aged 12 and below (Gill, 137-160).Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Sexualization of Children specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Such is the influence of modern day popular culture that sexualization and objectification has not been limited to adults and teens but has now begun to encompass children as young as 7 to 10 years of age (Bill, 1). Sexualization can be defined as process where an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s sense of personal Ã¢â¬Å"valueÃ¢â¬ is actually based on sex appeal or a predefined and narrow standard of attractiveness (Goodin et al. 1). This has resulted in the proliferation of numerous clothing lines, products and even popular culture sh ows which place a certain degree of sexualization on children resulting in the creation of what is now perceived as a cultural norm when it comes to children wearing clothes or displaying behaviors with distinct sexual undertones that is many years ahead of when they should be displaying such attitudes (Bartlett, 106-11). Even parents themselves have contributed to the modern day adoption of the idea that itÃ¢â¬â¢s perfectly alright to employ a certain degree of sexualization on children as evidenced by their continued patronage of toys, clothing styles and TV shows for their children that have themes depicting early child sexualization (Albiniak, 1). Based on this it can clearly be seen that children have been sexualized at an earlier age as compared to their counterparts form 30 years ago yet it must be questioned whether such an early rate of sexualization actually has an adverse impact on their emotional, behavioral and social development. Several studies examining early child hood development do indicate that a childÃ¢â¬â¢s formative years (age 4 to 12) is a period in which they begin to develop the behavioral characteristics and ideologies that influence their subsequent adult behaviors and actions. Aspects related to religion, culture and ideologies introduced during this early stage of development reflect well into adulthood and become an integral aspect of who a person is to become. It is based on this developmental backdrop that parents and society developed the notion that early onset exposure to sexualized content will have an adverse effect on a childÃ¢â¬â¢s development and as such children should be inculcated early on with positive societal messages in the form of cooperation, peaceful action and other similar behavioral characteristics that espouse the creation of a socially acceptable persona (Kopkowski, 220).Advertising Looking for research paper on gender studies? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Other studies though have stated that sexualized media in modern day popular culture such as those seen in TV shows, movies and magazines and other similar forms of consumable media actually have a positive effect on children resulting in the development of independent, socially well adjusted children that from an early age are capable of utilizing what they perceive from sexualized media to become more socially well adjusted as compared to their peers that have been exposed to little if next to no sexualized content. What such studies are attempting to suggest is that the early sexualization that children are exposed to as a result of modern day pop culture and the media actually leads them to experience the full gamut of emotions denied to them by their parents and society as a direct result of the prevailing social idea that children should not exposed to sexuality at an early age (Merskin, 119-129). In the words of Melanie Moore Ã¢â¬Å"it enables them to explore the inescapable feelings that theyÃ¢â¬â¢ve been taught to deny and to reintegrate those feelings into a more whole, more complete and more resilient selfhoodÃ¢â¬ . While such notions are relatively alien to the current prevailing societal consensus regarding children and sexuality it does make a valid argument. Sexuality is an aspect of normal human behavior, while society disparages its utilization and expression it must be noted that it is a normal feeling that has been with humans since the beginning of evolution. Coming to a complete realization of its effective utilization while at the same time limiting its use through calm analytic thinking is actually a rite of passage for most individuals. It is based on this what this study will attempt to confirm is whether the current trend in the early sexualization of children has a purely negative effect or if there is an underlying positive effect to this level of exposure. From a certain perspective it can be stated that: it is only due to age old conservative social institutions that it is believed that children are being sexualized at an early age when it fact there is no particular limit to the age in which children should learn aspects related to being a mature individual. Negative Influence of Popular Culture on the Concept of Beauty and Sexuality The influence of popular culture on modern day society can be interpreted as a form of irrational exuberance which is defined as the act of people modeling their behavior on the actions of other people without sufficient justification for doing so. In the case of children models/child actors seen in magazines and print ads children/parents see these models, which pop culture defines as the epitome of beauty, and attempt to emulate them by buying the products that the magazines say can help you achieve the same level of flawlessness as them (Schwed, 19). Yet this beauty is nothing more than a false image made to entice the masses towards buying a particular p roduct however this doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t stop people from attempting to emulate them in whatever way they possibly can.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Sexualization of Children specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More What must be understood is that ours is a culture obsessed with the idea of perfect beauty; flawless skin, blemish free features, thin waistlines, striking eyes, perfect noses and not a pimple in sight yet such an obsession has been fueled by nothing more than lies and hypocrisy which has all been for the sake of making money (APA: Analysis Of Published Research Shows Sexualized Images Harmful To Girls, Women, 1). The fashion industry alones makes billions of dollars a year by presenting women with products and clothing styles that are meant to emphasize sexiness or make them look more like the Ã¢â¬Å"standardsÃ¢â¬ of physical attractiveness that many magazines espouse. Yet this is nothing more than a farce; such beauty and elegance can be summed up in one word Ã¢â¬Å"PhotoshopÃ¢â¬ ; they arenÃ¢â¬â¢t real, no one has eyes that striking, no one has legs that flawless, people donÃ¢â¬â¢t glisten in natural light, they really arenÃ¢â¬â¢t that thin, and hair doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t normally shimmer that way as if they stepped straight out of a Palmolive commercial. It is fake, unnatural yet it has created an obsession with beauty and perfection that has dominated the fashion industry resulting in the proliferation of photoshopped imagery on almost every page of major fashion magazines around the world (Reynolds, 9). Not only that, sensuality and sexiness have now become so integrated into modern day popular culture that the sheer proliferation of ads, commercials, movies and TV shows that emphasize the necessity of women appearing in this particular fashion has begun to affect children wherein they themselves look at the sensual and the sexy and develop the notion that this is what they should be (Harris, 1). Evidence of this can easily be seen in the current proliferation of modern day media in the form of TV shows and movies which also show child stars and actors in various revealing styles of sexualized clothing, scenes or basically wearing a lot of makeup that is more suitable for adults (Odone, 18). This has furthered reinforced the message being presented by photoshopped model images in that in order to be considered beautiful you must try to emulate the model that the pictures in magazines show (International Business, 12). Media/Social Media that Causes Kids to be Sexualized at an Early Age Action figures, dolls and cartoons are an ubiquitous part of the childhood of most people within the U.S., with various individuals owning/ watching some variation of these aspects of popular culture in one form or another. Based on various studies of childhood development children actually looked up to and tried to emulate the attitudes and characteristics of the c artoons they saw on television.Advertising Looking for research paper on gender studies? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More When examining past and current trends in cartoons, action figures and dolls a rather strange phenomenon was noticed wherein over the years since the 1980s action figures and cartoon heroes took on greater degrees of musculature and size resulting in almost freakishly large heroes as compared to their counterparts prior to the 1980s. Even dolls for girls took on greater degrees of overtly sexual characteristics with emphasis being placed on looks, sexuality and fashion. Behavioral Development While most individuals merely categorized this as a changing trend which was a direct result of the shifting nature of popular culture it must be noted that such changes had a distinct impact on the mannerisms, attitudes and manner in which children believed they should act and mature into. Studies examining the resulting developmental characteristics of children who grew up prior to the overly muscular and sexual trend of the 1980s showed nearly opposite developmental beliefs compared to child ren who grew up during and after the 1980s trend. It was noted that male children who grew up during and after the trend developed the notion that being overly muscular was normal and a state to develop into. It was a notion that was completely at odds with the idea of children who grew up prior to the trend who believed an average non-muscular physique was normal and what should be attained. This particular difference was also noted in female children who believed that the overtly sexual style and concentration on appearance, fashion and sexuality was what they needed to become in order to be considered normal as compared to the popular notions among children prior to the 1980s which showcased a vastly different and more conservative view on what was considered normal (Helping Kids Manage Their Media, 37). Cultural Impact What must be understood is that the resulting cultural impact of the change in the depiction of toys and cartoon heroes into either overly muscular or overly sexu al characters was noted as being one of the reasons behind the prevalence of various individual behavioral characteristics today such as the belief that looking muscular will make a person popular, that overly sexualized clothing is normal and that violence is a regular aspect of life (Helping Kids Manage Their Media, 37). While it may be true that such characteristics do not define a majority of the population it is still prevalent in large percentages with various studies confirming that one of the reasons behind their prevalence is their connection to the trend mentioned throughout this paper that began in the 1980s and continues to this day. Pop Culture and Identification One of the prevailing arguments against letting children see sexualized media is the supposed potential that exists of children imitating what they see in magazines, movies and television shows (Helping Kids To Stop Celebrating Consumption, 11) (LetÃ¢â¬â¢s stop teaching preschoolers to be sexy, 220). Studies examining the effect pop culture has on children reveal that on average children, especially young children, have the tendency to emulate child pop culture icons such as Hannah Montana, Spongebob Squarepants and other similar forms of identifiable imagery (Nairn, 54-60). In fact this behavioral aspect is even noted in members of the adult community and as such is the basis for many arguments stating the potentially harmful effects sexualized media could have on a childÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"properÃ¢â¬ sexual development. What must be understood is that the arguments being presented neglect to take into account the fact that parental influences play a contributing and limiting factor to some aspects of a childÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior and as such should be trusted as a means of enabling children to distinguish between what is right and what is wrong (Young, 10). In fact, various studies have even shown that parental influences play a major role in personality development resulting in either pr oper growth and maturity or the instilment of negative personality traits similar to immaturity, dependence, and an overall sense of being unable to become self-reliant (Parsons, 5). The development of a childÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior is not dependent on consumable media alone but rather on how parentÃ¢â¬â¢s influence and mold a childÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior. As such even though sexualized media content is introduced to a child it can be stated that so long as parents are there to enable a child to distinguish right from wrong then there is little cause for concern (Egan and Hawkes, 307-322). It must be noted though that in cases where there is a distinct degree of parental absenteeism a childÃ¢â¬â¢s behavioral development will thus be predominantly influenced by external sources which should be a cause for concern since such instances have been shown to be influential factors in the development of abnormal personality traits which manifest in early onset sexually deviant behavior. Developme nt and Human Emotion Studies examining the prevalence of independent action and initiative in children show that on average children with the most well rounded set of emotional development often show the most drive and initiative when it comes to independent action and leadership roles. While various studies which have examined the potential effect of early child sexualization may not explicitly state it in their articles it is actually implied that children who are not exposed to certain types of Ã¢â¬Å"matureÃ¢â¬ media tend to not develop independent personalities but rather take on dependent behavioral characteristics (Hatch, 195-211). It must be noted that societyÃ¢â¬â¢s adherence to the belief that exposure to sexuality is bad for children has in fact resulted in parents developing parental practices that espouse isolation from any and all forms of reference to sexual behaviors (Combe, 104). In fact such practices have grown to such an extent that the concept of social con formity and how the expression of sexuality is an adverse form of behavior is often forced upon children resulting in the suppression of the development of certain aspects of their emotional makeup. This has resulted in children developing behavioral characteristics akin to dependence, conformity and a distinct lack of initiative due to a form of trauma in which they associate aspects related to socially unacceptable conduct to the suppressive actions of their parents. This causes them to withdraw into themselves rather than become more expressive. As various studies have noted which have examined this type of phenomena children that are allowed to be exposed to Ã¢â¬Å"matureÃ¢â¬ media (sexualized content, violent shows etc.) tend to be more expressive, open minded and have more access to the full gamut of their emotional capacities compared to children whose emotional growth has been inadvertently suppressed by their parents. What must be understood is the fact that current day parental practices assume that exposure to sexualization is bad based on preconceived societal notions when in fact there have been few studies which have actually successfully connected early sexualization to children developing into sexually deviant adults (Fox, 77). In fact, for the most part children exposed to various forms of sexualized media and products appear, for all intents and purposes, perfectly normal and turn into well rounded individuals. It must be noted that the parental predilection to believe that sexualized media has negative implications on children is grounded in institutional theory. Institutional theory specifically states that people have the tendency to adhere to traditional institutions rather than move towards more efficient newer institutions due to their belief that older institutions are more stable due to prolonged length of time that theyÃ¢â¬â¢ve been around. In this particular case parents adhere to a specific type of social institution that beli eves that sexualized media and advertisements will create sexually deviant children and adults. Several studies examining parental predilections towards this particular type of institution have noted that when questioned as to why they adhere to the social institution in question the essence of all answers given show that parents do so due to their belief that since the institution has been around for such a long period of time and that it is widely accepted means that it must be right. What must be understood is that just because a social institution is widely accepted and has been around for a long time doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t make it automatically right. For example, one of the most widely accepted social institutions in the past was the belief that men were superior to women, this resulted in women being thought of as incapable of doing certain jobs, that the place of a woman was at home and that women did not have the right to decide the future of a country. Suffice it to say, such a vi ew has been recently debunked however it must be noted that it had persisted for several hundred years with most of human culture adhering to its tenets. It is based on this that the social institution advocating that sexualized media is bad for children should not be immediately credited as being absolutely correct. Historical precedent has shown that not all widely accepted societal views are correct and thus this one should not be considered as an absolute truth. Conclusion Based on the various examples presented it can be seen that the preconceived notions attached to sexualization is in fact fallacious and heavily embedded in parental practices that originate from a social institution that may not necessarily be correct. As it was shown by the various studies cited, children that are exposed to sexualized media in the form of advertisements, movies and TV shows develop into mature and behaviorally stable adults with few problems. In fact when taking the views of articles presen ted into consideration it can even be stated that the introduction of sexualized media can in fact enable children to develop stronger and more independent personalities that will enable them to express themselves better, take the initiative more and be more likely to overcome adverse situations as compared to their peers that were not exposed to sexualized media. While it may be true that when parents prevent their children from viewing Ã¢â¬Å"matureÃ¢â¬ media they are under the belief that they are in effect helping their children grow into better adults but the truth is what they are doing is in effect stunting the full emotional growth of their children. As explained earlier, traits related to sexuality are inherent parts of a personÃ¢â¬â¢s normal emotional makeup and as such are a necessary aspect in enabling an individual to grow into an emotionally stable person. Negative emotional qualities help to balance the positive aspects of an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s personality so as to enable them to live a balanced life. By denying children the ability to develop the full gamut of their behaviors from an early stage parents are in effect hindering them from being able to mature at a normal pace which may actually lead to the development of abnormal personalities. This can take the form of dependence, childishness and the inability to take care of oneself without being instructed. It is based on this that in the case of the early sexualization of children this paper agrees with the assessment that it is up to the parents to properly guide children regarding aspects related to sexuality and sexualization and that it cannot really be stated that it is ever too early to start the building blocks of developing a more well rounded set of behavioral traits within a child and as such this paper suggests that while children are being sexualized at an early age as compared to their counterparts from 30 years ago this may not necessarily be an adverse situation based on the data that has been presented in this study.. Works Cited Albiniak, Paige. 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Ã¢â¬Å"Beyond The Ã¢â¬ËSexualization Of CultureÃ¢â¬â¢ Thesis: An Intersectional Analysis Of Ã¢â¬ËSixpacksÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬ËMidriffsÃ¢â¬â¢ And Ã¢â¬ËHot LesbiansÃ¢â¬â¢ In Advertising.Ã¢â¬ Sexualities 12.2 (2009): 137-160. Print Goodin, SamanthaDenburg, AlyssaMurnen, SarahSmolak, Linda. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ËPutting OnÃ¢â¬â¢ Sexiness: A Content Analysis Of The Presence Of Sexualizing Characteristics In GirlsÃ¢â¬â¢ Clothing.Ã¢â¬ Sex Roles 65.1/2 (2011): 1. Print Harris, DAN. Ã¢â¬Å"Little Cover Girls.Ã¢â¬ Nightline (ABC) (2011): 1. Print Hatch, Linda. Ã¢â¬Å"The American Psychological Association Task Force On The Sexualization Of Girls: A Review, Update And Commentary.Ã¢â¬ Sexual Addiction Ã Compulsivity 18.4 (2011): 195-211. Print Ã¢â¬Å"Helping Kids To Stop Celebrating Consumption.Ã¢â¬ Natural Life 86 (2002): 11. Ã¢â¬Å"Helping Kids Manage Their Media.Ã¢â¬ Natural Life 136 (2010): 37. Print International Business, Times. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ËAshleyÃ¢â¬â¢ Push-Up Triangle: Not the First Case of Over-Sexualization of Children.Ã¢â¬ International Business Times 12.Web Kopkowski, Cynthia. Ã¢â¬Å"Lolita In The Classroom.Ã¢â¬ NEA Today 26.6 (2008): 36-37. Print Ã¢â¬Å"LetÃ¢â¬â¢s stop teaching preschoolers to be sexy.Ã¢â¬ Glamour May 2007: 220.Web Merskin, Debra. Ã¢â¬Å"Reviving Lolita? A Media Literacy Examination Of Sexual Portrayals Of Girls In Fashion Advertising.Ã¢â¬ American Behavioral Scientist 48.1 (2004): 119-129. Print Nairn, Agnes. Ã¢â¬Å"Consumer Kids Ã¢â¬â The Influence Of The Commercial World On Our Children.Ã¢â¬ Education Review 22.1 (2009): 54-60. Print Odone, Cristina. Ã¢â¬Å"Sexy Kids.Ã¢â¬ New Statesman 131.4596 (2002): 18.Web Parsons, Russell. Ã¢â¬Å"NSPCC Adds Its Weight To Ã¢â¬ËSexualisation Of KidsÃ¢â¬â¢ Debate.Ã¢â¬ Ã Marketing Week (01419285) 33.10 (2010): 5.Web Reynolds, Mike. Ã¢â¬Å"Nick Sees KidsÃ¢â¬â¢ Ad Sector Poised To Grow.Ã¢â¬ Multichannel News 3 2.11 (2011): 9.Web Schwed, Mark. Ã¢â¬Å"TV Commercials Your Kids.Ã¢â¬ TV Guide 43.7 (1995): 19.Web Young, Lesley. Ã¢â¬Å"A Hard Lesson.Ã¢â¬ Marketing Magazine 113.11 (2008): 10. Print This research paper on Sexualization of Children was written and submitted by user Lance V. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
Scarlet Letter1 essays Hester and the Scarlet Letter: Unobtainable Simplicity The achievement of simplicity in life never occurs because things are not simple, but manifold, being viewed differently, and speaking more than one purpose. Nathaniel Hawthorne journeys to seventeenth century Boston and introduces Hester Prynne as he makes his awareness of this idea evident. Through The Scarlet Letter, Hawthorne presents the complexity of lifes components whether they appear as simple as an embroidered letter or as intricate as a life changing circumstance. The focus on sin and the consequences and atonement that follow exemplify Hawthornes tragic moral vision. A moral vision dealing directly with human nature through Hawthorne's own creation of Hester Prynne provokes this idea, this problematic truth. A woman publicly acknowledged for what her society held as a grave sin stands before them. She begins her journey, a journey that will forever change the views of not only her fellow characters, but also those to whom Hawthorne tries to reach through his writin g. In this journey, meet a woman whos weakness became her strength, who was looked upon in ways as changing as the seasons. Hester Prynne and the scarlet letter, standing not only as character and prop, but also as universal defendants of the idea of multiple views, are tools for the exploration of this truth. Through just three different perspectives, Hester and her scarlet letter can sustain the ideology presented by Hawthorne and contribute to its acceptance. They do so as regarded by the townspeople, Hawthorne, and Hester herself. The citizens of Boston deem two manifest opinions of Hester and the letter: that notion from the opening scene, which differs greatly that by mid-novel. As Hester walks out into the marketplace for the satisfaction of the townspeople, they immediately evince their cold and unsparing attitude toward this woman. The letter A was to be worn as...
Sunday, February 23, 2020
VH - Case Study Example One of the major risk factors pointed out is that the management is old and unproven. The CEO is too old, that is about 70 years, and the CTO is his son. However, as far as Telco Exchange agrees to change the CEO and appoint someone who is suggested by Valhalla, this risk is solved to a great extent. The scope of the field Telco Exchange is engaged in is evident from the Aberdeen finding that while the average profit of a Fortune 500 company is 1% of its revenue, the money the company spends on telecommunications is around 0.84% of the total amount. So, as far as Telco manages to provide highly integrated and comprehensive solutions, there will be growth, or, at least, the business will not go down. Though there is a possibility that some financially able competitors like MSS Group, Teldta Control, Profitline, and QuantumShift may try to develop software solutions, they will address only the financial part of the issue, thus failing to address inventory management and service order. So, there is no possibility of any serious threat to Telco Exchange in the near future. Hence, Art Marks can vote to invest in Telco Exchange. B. ... However, as the companies know, these are not complete solutions as they do not address the root cause of the problem. On the other hand, Telco Exchange offers a much more comprehensive and integrated solution that identifies the root causes and the unnecessary services and equipments. It also helps prevent erroneous ordering and make sure that the elements which are not needed are eliminated. In addition, it provides a holistic view of the communication infrastructure of the companies. Furthermore, Telco Exchange helps automating the ordering process, thus making the data available for all parties to work with. This helps to ensure that the corporate policies are properly followed. Thus, it becomes evident that the outsourcing approach will not provide a solution that is as effective as that of Telco Exchange, and hence not a risk. The third risk is that the present management is unproven, with a CEO aged 70. In addition, the CTO is his son. It is necessary for the company to change the existing management, however, without any effect on the existing customers and performance. C. The Valhalla due diligence is perfect in the fact that though it may fail to provide huge profit through investment based on wild assumptions, it takes maximum care on not losing the investment. Thus, investors are offered an investment that is free from risk to the maximum possible extent. The investment decision is taken after duly studying the investment memo, and to take the decision, the whole board should vote unanimously; not based on majority. This ensures that all issues and risks concerning the investment are fully analyzed and not even a